Open Source Evidence on Russian Strikes in Syria

This Silk visualisation intends to document visually open source evidence about Russian strikes in Syria. The Russian Federation initiated a sustained airborne military intervention in Syria allegedly targeting ISIS (IS or Islamic State) strongholds. 

We at the investigative site Bellingcat.com found a series of videos released by the Russian Ministry of Defence. After close examination, the coordinates for locations in Syria bombed by Russian jets shown in these videos do not reflect an air campaign focused on Islamic State targets. Thus, for example, two of the videos claimed to show strikes in Raqqa (the capital of the Islamic State) but actually took place over a 100 miles away. No IS presence has ever been reported in that area. Also, six other strikes took place in other areas, with no known Islamic State footprint either.

This Silk visualisation sequel also focuses on additional open source evidence, gathered in the process of investigations.

How to read the map:

- each location is named as "Strike ID number", the number being the order of release of the videos by the Russian MoD;

- each location has a label: click on it to see the data entry ID;

- for more, click on the label's name: it opens a small pop-up with further details about the strike having taken place.

Several Strike IDs have not been geolocated due to insufficient information. These do not show on the map but are accessible through the tab "Data cards" (top of the page), collection "Airstrikes".

Strikes mapped by Actual location coordinates and colored by Accuracy of Russian location

Page Title
Video URL
Actual location coordinates
Accuracy of Russian location
Actual location coordinates
Strike 1https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9HdQhByZoUE35.687782, 36.786667Near/Around/Area of town/city35.687782, 36.786667
Strike 10https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fhHBDeA-aF435.725846, 36.260419Direction from a town/city35.725846, 36.260419
Strike 100ahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x93kBmCj5nU35.829183, 39.483426Near/Around/Area of town/city35.829183, 39.483426
Strike 101bhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x93kBmCj5nU35.810535, 39.125302Near/Around/Area of town/city35.810535, 39.125302
Strike 102https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPfPNwhB7Ec35.798636, 38.221457Near/Around/Area of town/city35.798636, 38.221457
Strike 103https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKbA_g-4zEE36.178086, 38.041706Near/Around/Area of town/city36.178086, 38.041706
Strike 104https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ol4xMGgAbKE35.597726, 36.864377Near/Around/Area of town/city35.597726, 36.864377
Strike 105https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4hiTDNCYTxs35.810053, 39.127808Near/Around/Area of town/city35.810053, 39.127808
Strike 106https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=955-5Z5bawA34.290069, 37.995953Governorate34.290069, 37.995953
Strike 107https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJWzS8SOfPY-Governorate-
Strike 108https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mx7Jr8FArSo-Governorate-
Strike 109https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmfEUXAUecE35.896232, 36.843807Governorate35.896232, 36.843807
Strike 11https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1yyg1L7iXNU35.734952, 36.073837Near/Around/Area of town/city35.734952, 36.073837
Strike 110https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gxc1OrR2lPM36.407295, 37.145419Governorate36.407295, 37.145419
Strike 111https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rTg9Uv94-Yg36.042697, 36.842630Governorate36.042697, 36.842630
Strike 112https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lfO50uWxL7A36.408050, 37.153231None36.408050, 37.153231
Strike 113https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uvTqF-Q5GI-None-
Strike 114https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pXxzmaf1G4I36.138325, 37.021877None36.138325, 37.021877
Strike 115https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nnPyLvu1REE-None-
Strike 116https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSIv4SeOgCA-None-
Strike 117https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-82prBykh0-None-
Strike 118https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GhrMVrxMIBM35.7145303, 36.1527121Governorate35.7145303, 36.1527121
Strike 119https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VOCQE9Y6Jyo35.717567, 36.164439Governorate35.717567, 36.164439
Strike 12https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9dUfv_pi6Es35.719518, 36.072385Near/Around/Area of town/city35.719518, 36.072385
Strike 120https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TL8Q3Vo_k7Y36.395275, 37.135527Governorate36.395275, 37.135527
Strike 121https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfaksTVko9U-None-
Strike 122https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m23LKgBkpj4-None-
Strike 123https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wD-lvcC0Ql835.715072, 36.236279Governorate35.715072, 36.236279
Strike 124https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PmXA40l3Gl0-None-
Strike 125https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dnx4LSq1c-8-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 126https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8tBH0fZ3tqs-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 127ahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WU53oUmGwyw35.811131, 39.123902Near/Around/Area of town/city35.811131, 39.123902
Strike 127bhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WU53oUmGwyw35.9833977, 39.0301001Near/Around/Area of town/city35.9833977, 39.0301001
Strike 128https://youtu.be/NmOL5q1veJ8?t=1m42s35.3978485, 40.2441859Near/Around/Area of town/city35.3978485, 40.2441859
Strike 13https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7fqew26a1A35.309074, 36.620506Near/Around/Area of town/city35.309074, 36.620506
Strike 14https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3d53AuCscDo35.817206, 36.124503Near/Around/Area of town/city35.817206, 36.124503
Strike 15https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdWMtPZvG5Q-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 16https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4vKPygn-ok35.688900, 36.084351Near/Around/Area of town/city35.688900, 36.084351
Strike 17https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClAebrDAXQQ35.430285, 36.527507Near/Around/Area of town/city35.430285, 36.527507
Strike 18https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2w_w0DJatn835.689574, 36.486489Near/Around/Area of town/city35.689574, 36.486489
Strike 19https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_h8YISqJRQ-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 2https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rW3zK52scJM-Governorate-
Strike 20https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_h8YISqJRQ35.680062, 36.383478Near/Around/Area of town/city35.680062, 36.383478
Strike 21https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_h8YISqJRQ35.309291, 36.621429Direction from a town/city35.309291, 36.621429
Strike 22https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiA0JUdWR6M35.309074, 36.620506No location given35.309074, 36.620506
Strike 23https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Stnn5ZaZKJk35.478521, 36.702340Near/Around/Area of town/city35.478521, 36.702340
Strike 24https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MtMRLwnG03Q35.450113, 36.757443Near/Around/Area of town/city35.450113, 36.757443
Strike 25https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T3k6_MMuMqw36.170360, 37.044686Near/Around/Area of town/city36.170360, 37.044686
Strike 26https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xYYcJA34KLg35.680671, 36.185375Direction from a town/city35.680671, 36.185375
Strike 27https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNPzmtYc7bc35.681761, 36.163312Near/Around/Area of town/city35.681761, 36.163312
Strike 28https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ape5grS9MEM35.684490, 36.119463Near/Around/Area of town/city35.684490, 36.119463
Strike 29https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktCYOAKuV6E35.680009, 36.194965Direction from a town/city35.680009, 36.194965
Strike 3https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyeAE_ryCQM36.046030, 36.885674Near/Around/Area of town/city36.046030, 36.885674
Strike 30https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pBEkjj9PL5I35.891284, 39.004877Governorate35.891284, 39.004877
Strike 31https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pBEkjj9PL5I35.948681, 36.562296Governorate35.948681, 36.562296
Strike 32https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJ-hwIIXt30-Governorate-
Strike 33https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3sWCAk7rohI-No location given-
Strike 34https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOF-C068gsY-No location given-
Strike 35https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNukt563gU4-Governorate-
Strike 36https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lb2qPqoG4LE35.390738, 36.812868Near/Around/Area of town/city35.390738, 36.812868
Strike 37https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eCn39x2Le9I-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 38https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSrywwIiOwI35.418908, 36.761195Near/Around/Area of town/city35.418908, 36.761195
Strike 39https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MH-IAt3Ih2835.414818, 36.794237Governorate35.414818, 36.794237
Strike 4https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_ahV2zV_dc35.660121, 36.222396Near/Around/Area of town/city35.660121, 36.222396
Strike 40https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MH-IAt3Ih2835.390670, 36.812887Governorate35.390670, 36.812887
Strike 41https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IicR7-Xjt835.862622, 36.632452Governorate35.862622, 36.632452
Strike 42https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wZQlkoCzWao35.683247, 36.150968Near/Around/Area of town/city35.683247, 36.150968
Strike 43https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=143YH5eBPE435.417817, 36.756788Near/Around/Area of town/city35.417817, 36.756788
Strike 44https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ck0ZgEawoFY35.682008, 36.149679Near/Around/Area of town/city35.682008, 36.149679
Strike 45https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-0scE712Bo35.688986, 36.214671Near/Around/Area of town/city35.688986, 36.214671
Strike 46https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAZHccmOVEk-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 47https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e-WJOHfwpEM35.675845, 36.437080Near/Around/Area of town/city35.675845, 36.437080
Strike 48https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1Zu47o_rcQ35.681383, 36.53306Near/Around/Area of town/city35.681383, 36.53306
Strike 49https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHopZC6Dj_w35.683383, 36.227251Near/Around/Area of town/city35.683383, 36.227251
Strike 5https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n25APqilDIA36.046030, 36.885674Near/Around/Area of town/city36.046030, 36.885674
Strike 50https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThLkCtqIO7835.650736, 36.483643Governorate35.650736, 36.483643
Strike 51https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GliDWLZKA8-Governorate-
Strike 52https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Toh7EKvo08s35.741348, 36.125847Governorate35.741348, 36.125847
Strike 53https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CX-xKELYYlI-Governorate-
Strike 54https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yFz9SCB9UU35.405295, 36.579645Governorate35.405295, 36.579645
Strike 55https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=djWlYm3rHz835.720289, 36.261771Governorate35.720289, 36.261771
Strike 56https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e9i-RlYaDlc35.685588, 36.239069Direction from a town/city35.685588, 36.239069
Strike 57https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZP24os1pjY35.727201, 36.261347Near/Around/Area of town/city35.727201, 36.261347
Strike 58https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=97vrpfEGEiQ35.714666, 36.236751Near/Around/Area of town/city35.714666, 36.236751
Strike 59https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hfQ0aALNK435.644864, 36.338568Governorate35.644864, 36.338568
Strike 6https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5b08s4F-Z0o35.740134, 36.247029Near/Around/Area of town/city35.740134, 36.247029
Strike 60https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1q458uRROPI36.093460, 37.085198Governorate36.093460, 37.085198
Strike 61https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8qfdMhCvjk35.688180, 36.212649Governorate35.688180, 36.212649
Strike 62https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OpIE3B3dKuc35.683008, 36.153967Governorate35.683008, 36.153967
Strike 63https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSdxlRqGly8-Governorate-
Strike 64https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gmYa_acG1035.393720, 36.569678Governorate35.393720, 36.569678
Strike 65https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vOj6xUfqr-Q-Near/Around/Area of town/city-
Strike 66https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CUXCKWSRaF435.393843, 36.569721Governorate35.393843, 36.569721
Strike 67https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E19P4F_1IOI36.1088,37.0565Near/Around/Area of town/city36.1088,37.0565
Strike 68https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ka_Qe6p75Wk33.063317, 35.991906Governorate33.063317, 35.991906
Strike 69https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xb1Vj5P3hJY33.135233, 36.092260Near/Around/Area of town/city33.135233, 36.092260
Strike 7https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vW47NZDn7IA35.702633, 36.563245Near/Around/Area of town/city35.702633, 36.563245
Strike 70https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r0gO3pQ9EWI35.682616, 36.223930Governorate35.682616, 36.223930
Strike 71https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7_Bx_TW_9Q-Governorate-
Strike 72https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cSQkSWLSgYo35.927633, 38.992635Near/Around/Area of town/city35.927633, 38.992635
Strike 73https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2UGuz3ggQM36.016450, 36.943846Governorate36.016450, 36.943846
Strike 74https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wOgJQ6Lcsds35.681187, 36.231494Governorate35.681187, 36.231494
Strike 75https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kW9RqQYGa0Y36.356200, 37.480872Governorate36.356200, 37.480872
Strike 76https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kW9RqQYGa0Y35.842153, 36.789688Governorate35.842153, 36.789688
Strike 77https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jo6HEy6fJ436.071571, 37.098910Governorate36.071571, 37.098910
Strike 78https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3EIwy2RoQo435.083889, 40.591389None35.083889, 40.591389
Strike 79https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3EIwy2RoQo435.1201916, 40.5404949None35.1201916, 40.5404949
Strike 8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1u3hKNdh5A35.822637, 36.019280Near/Around/Area of town/city35.822637, 36.019280
Strike 80https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3EIwy2RoQo435.370050, 40.221645None35.370050, 40.221645
Strike 81https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WgYbiCGYy2c-None-
Strike 82https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DOJmqhgEOPk35.796792, 36.993480Governorate35.796792, 36.993480
Strike 83https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f3eDynXdh8Y35.9355506, 36.609157Governorate35.9355506, 36.609157
Strike 84https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vbWBbWU-yKg35.739380, 36.570590Governorate35.739380, 36.570590
Strike 85https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Re3fW_Maj10-Governorate-
Strike 86https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGZHMSI17nc-Governorate-
Strike 87https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s96OR5K7Ego35.705149, 36.552490Governorate35.705149, 36.552490
Strike 88https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYHbCuPodAw35.551947, 39.810365Governorate35.551947, 39.810365
Strike 89https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQZvNCRpdnQ35.809626, 38.681445Governorate35.809626, 38.681445
Strike 9https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pc6_WOKXVFg35.725846, 36.260419Distance and direction from a town/city35.725846, 36.260419
Strike 90https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQZvNCRpdnQ35.199186, 40.084637Governorate35.199186, 40.084637
Strike 91https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4r0EnpVXeTo35.661095, 36.489461Governorate35.661095, 36.489461
Strike 92https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mp9-7ncYcK835.800938, 38.216844Governorate35.800938, 38.216844
Strike 93https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCooENFS9FY33.580392, 36.386679Near/Around/Area of town/city33.580392, 36.386679
Strike 94ahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3cxVDm-4Nk-Governorate-
Strike 95bhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3cxVDm-4Nk35.690032, 36.076763Governorate35.690032, 36.076763
Strike 96chttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3cxVDm-4Nk35.687967, 36.089165Governorate35.687967, 36.089165
Strike 97dhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3cxVDm-4Nk35.741775, 36.240034Governorate35.741775, 36.240034
Strike 98https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=US9UL6olXkI35.798671, 38.770773Direction from a town/city35.798671, 38.770773
Strike 99https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JiAfeNsAmis35.810131, 39.124836Direction from a town/city35.810131, 39.124836


The few charts below present different faces of Bellingcat's investigation.

Fighters, ISIS, Militants, None and Terrorists of Claimed target datacards

The number of mentions of claimed targets by the Russian Airforce in the different videos released by the Ministry of Defence, for the period 30 September - 21 October. Counts of mentions are extracted from the descriptions and/or titles of the videos. NB: Notice that the data point for 30 Sept is at the tail of the chart.

Number of strikes of Governorate datacards

Number of strikes having occurred per governorate.

A quick guide on how to geolocate the recent military aircraft deployment to Syria

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